13 Dandruff Remedies & Treatments

dandruff remedies

Dandruff is one of those pesky problems that plague us all at some point in our lives. It’s embarrassing, it’s frustrating, and it can be challenging to get rid of dandruff. If you’re one of the many women who suffer from dandruff, you know it’s not just a matter of washing your hair more often. But don’t worry – you’re not alone. Over 50% of people will suffer from dandruff at some point. The good news is that there are plenty of ways to get rid of dandruff and keep your scalp healthy. This article will share 13 different dandruff remedies and treatments you can try at home to help you banish those flakes for good. Read on for more.

What Causes Dandruff?

Before we dive into the dandruff remedies, it’s essential to understand what causes dandruff so you can best tackle the issue. A variety of factors cause dandruff, including:

Seborrheic dermatitis:

A skin condition, such as seborrheic dermatitis, can cause dandruff. It is a chronic case of eczema and can make the scalp very itchy and produce flaky skin.

People with oily skin are most prone to seborrheic dermatitis. A yeast called Malassezia (commonly linked to this condition) feeds on the oil produced by the scalp, irritating and flaking the skin.

Contact dermatitis:

Contact dermatitis can also cause dandruff. It is skin inflammation due to coming into contact with an irritant or allergen.

Irritants to the scalp may include shampoo, styling products, and hair dyes. Allergens may include pollen, animal dander, or food.

Oily Skin:

An oily scalp can also cause dandruff, which occurs when sebaceous glands produce too much sebum. This oiliness causes cells to stick together and form flakes.

unhealthy scalp - dandruff

Dry Skin:

Dry skin can also cause dandruff, typically occurring during colder months when there’s less moisture in the air.

This type of dandruff can also occur in more mature adults as their natural oils decrease with age.


Studies have shown that men are more likely to suffer from dandruff than women. Androgen hormones, such as testosterone, are linked to the over-production of sebum.

Sebum is an oily substance produced by the sebaceous glands on the skin. Excessive sebum on the scalp can lead to dandruff when it mixes with Malassezia.

Shampooing Habits:

Finally, not shampooing enough can also cause dandruff. Dandruff will appear when your scalp becomes oily, and the dead skin cells start accumulating on your scalp’s surface.

13 Dandruff Remedies & Treatments

Now that you know what causes dandruff, let’s look at 12 different remedies and treatments you can try at home to help eliminate dandruff quickly and effectively.

1. Apple Cider Vinegar (ACV):

ACV is known for its anti-fungal and antibacterial properties, which can help reduce dandruff caused by fungi such as Malassezia.

Its acidity can also help balance the pH of your scalp, reducing irritation and flakes.

Mix ACV with water in a spray bottle and spritz it onto your scalp. Leave for 15 minutes, then rinse off with cold water.

2. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is known for its anti-inflammatory properties and can help to soothe an itchy scalp. It is also effective in treating scalp conditions such as contact dermatitis.

Massage aloe vera gel into your scalp and leave for 15 minutes before rinsing off with cold water. Shampoo, as usual.

You can also add aloe vera gel to your conditioner and use it as you usually do for extra hydration.

3. Coconut Oil:

Coconut oil contains lauric acid, which has anti-fungal properties that can help to fight off dandruff-causing fungi.

It is also an excellent moisturizer and helps keep the skin on your scalp soft and hydrated.

Massage coconut oil onto the scalp and leave for 30 minutes before rinsing off with lukewarm water. Proceed to shampoo as usual.

4. Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil is known for its anti-fungal properties, making it a tremendous at-home Dandruff treatment.

It is an essential oil from Australia that reduces inflammation, itching and flaking.

Mix 3-4 drops of tea tree oil with one tablespoon of a carrier oil such as olive or coconut oil, and apply it to the scalp. Leave for 15 minutes, then rinse off with lukewarm water.

You can also add 4-5 drops of tea tree oil to your shampoo for an extra Dandruff fighting boost.

5. Baking Soda:

Baking soda is a natural exfoliant that can help remove flakes and dead skin cells from your scalp. It also has anti-fungal properties that can help fight dandruff.

Mix one teaspoon of baking soda with some water to form a paste and massage to your scalp. Leave for 1-2 minutes, then rinse off with lukewarm water. Shampoo, as usual.

Due to its high pH level, baking soda can dry the scalp if used too often, so use it sparingly.

6. Aspirin

Aspirin contains salicylic acid, which is a critical ingredient in Dandruff shampoos. It works by breaking down the flakes on your scalp and unclogging pores.

Grind two uncoated aspirin tablets into a powder, mix with some water to form a paste and massage it onto your scalp for 2-3 minutes.

Leave for 10 minutes before rinsing off with lukewarm water. Shampoo as usual afterwards.

You can use this once or twice a week.

7. Reduce Stress Levels:

Stress is known to increase dandruff. While stress doesn’t cause dandruff, it weakens your body’s immune system, making it harder to fight off dandruff-causing fungi.

As such, it is important to practice relaxation techniques and find ways to reduce stress levels.

Take time out of your day to relax and practice stress-reducing activities such as yoga or meditation. You can also try taking Epsom salt baths or aromatherapy treatments.

8. Eat More Omega-3 Fatty Acid

Omega-3 fatty acids are essential for healthy hair and scalp. The Omega-3 fatty acids help reduce inflammation and promote a healthy balance of oils on the scalp, which can help reduce dandruff. 

Omega-3 may also reduce anxiety and stress, which can help reduce dandruff indirectly.

Include plenty of Omega-3 in your diet by eating foods such as walnuts, salmon and flax seeds. You can also take an Omega-3 supplement for added benefits.

9. Over-The-Counter (OTC) Dandruff Shampoo:

If you have dandruff, it is essential to use a dandruff-specific shampoo. Look for shampoos that contain ingredients such as:

  • Pyrithione zinc
  • Selenium sulphide
  • Salicylic acid
  • Ketoconazole
  • Tar

Dandruff shampoo formulas help reduce dandruff caused by fungi such as Malassezia. Follow the instructions on the label and use it at least twice a week for the best results.

10. Get Some Sun:

Sunlight is known to be an excellent Dandruff treatment. The UV rays help to kill Dandruff-causing fungi and also help reduce inflammation on the scalp.

It is essential to do just what is necessary; aim for 15 minutes of direct sunlight three times a week maximum. Be sure to wear a hat and sunscreen to protect your skin from sun rays.

11. Limit Styling Hair Products:

Hair styling products such as gels, waxes and sprays can cause dandruff. They contain harsh ingredients that can irritate the scalp, leading to dandruff.

Styling products can also build up on the scalp, increasing oiliness and leading to dandruff.

Limit your use of these products and opt for more natural options when possible. When using styling products, be sure to wash off well after use.

12. Change Your Diet:

Certain foods can trigger dandruff or worsen existing dandruff. Adjust your diet accordingly if dandruff is a persistent problem for you.

Foods that can trigger dandruff include dairy, sugars and processed foods. Eating a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables can help reduce Dandruff symptoms.

13. Avoid Tight Hair Styles:

Tight hairstyles such as braids or tight ponytails can cause dandruff by trapping oils and sweat on the scalp, leading to an overgrowth of Dandruff-causing fungi.

Switch up your hairstyles and avoid tight styles that can cause Dandruff flare-ups.

FAQs on Dandruff Remedies:

Q. What are the best Dandruff treatments? 

A. The best Dandruff treatment will depend on the cause and severity of your dandruff. Some Dandruff remedies that may help include lifestyle changes, medical shampoos, medicated creams, oral medications and natural treatments such as tea tree oil.

Q. How long does dandruff last? 

A. dandruff can be temporary or chronic, depending on the underlying cause and your treatment methods. Generally, dandruff should clear up within a few weeks with proper treatment and lifestyle changes.

Q. Is dandruff contagious?

A. dandruff is not contagious, but the fungal infection that can cause Dandruff (Malassezia) may be. It is important to avoid sharing personal items such as hats, combs and brushes if you have dandruff.


Dandruff can be embarrassing and frustrating. Fortunately, many Dandruff remedies and treatments are available to help reduce Dandruff symptoms. From lifestyle changes to medical treatments, there is likely a Dandruff remedy that will work for you. Be sure to talk to your doctor or dermatologist if dandruff persists.

With these Dandruff remedies and treatments, you can finally say goodbye to dandruff for good!

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