Split Ends: Everything You Need to Know

Split Ends

No matter how much you condition, detangle, or style your hair, split ends can still be a pesky problem. But don’t worry; we’re here to help! In this post, we’ll cover everything you need to know about split ends – from what causes them to how to get rid of them. 

So please sit back, relax, and let us help you achieve healthy and gorgeous hair!

What Are Split Ends?

Split ends, also known as trichoptilosis, result from dry or damaged hair that has split into two or more strands.

The primary cause of split ends is physical damage from heat or physical force.

Physical factors like heat styling, sun damage, chemical treatments, and over-brushing can cause frayed ends.

They often look frizzy and unkempt due to their frayed ends.

Types of Split Ends

Split ends can come in several forms because strands don’t just split perfectly symmetrically.

i. Basic Split

The basic split is a single strand of hair split into two or more strands.

ii. Mini or Baby Split

Mini-splits are smaller versions of the basic and indicate early split-end development. If you catch a split end while still small, you can treat it before it worsens.

iii. Feather & Tree Splits

Feather and tree splits are more severe because they have multiple splits stemming off one strand.

iv. Candle or Taper Split

The candle split differs slightly from the other splits because it hasn’t become a split. The ends of the hair appear very thin, and the damage on the outer cuticle is evident.

Type of split ends

What Causes Split Ends?

There are a variety of factors that can contribute to damaged ends, including:

Chemical Treatments: Products like hair dyes and relaxers contain harsh chemicals that can weaken the strands. They strip the protective layers, making them more susceptible to damage.

Heat Styling: Heat styling tools like curling, flat irons, and blow-dryers are great for achieving a specific look but can also cause heat damage due to the high temperatures. The longer you use heat-styling tools and at higher temperatures, the more likely you are to get split ends.

Over-Brushing: Brushing too often or hard can cause strand friction and lead to split ends. Ensure you use a soft bristle brush and do not pull your hair too tight when styling.

Hard Water: Hard water contains a high concentration of minerals that can dry out your hair and make it prone to splitting. Consider using a shower filter or adding some vinegar to help reduce the mineral content.

Weather: The sun and wind can cause damage to the outer cuticle of your strands, making them more susceptible to splitting. Consider using a hat or scarf to protect yourself from UV rays and cold temperatures.

Towel drying: Many people make the mistake of rubbing their hair with a towel after showering. Drying with towels is terrible, as friction can damage your strands, leading to split ends. Consider using a microfibre towel or a clean t-shirt, as they are much gentler.

How Can I Get Rid of Split Ends?

Once the hair has split, it is already damaged, and the only way to get rid of split ends is to cut them off.

However, there are some things you can do to prevent split ends from developing in the first place.

Deep Conditioning

A deep-conditioning mask once a week will help restore moisture and strengthen your strands.

It gives your hair a big boost of moisture or protein that penetrates the shaft.

Leave it in for at least 10 minutes and add some heat for the most benefit.

Trim Regularly

Split ends won’t go away on their own, and you need to trim them off. When you get a trim, it nips the problem in the bud before it can get worse.

And although it may seem counterintuitive, trimming your ends is the best way to retain length.

Damaged ends only worsen with time, and an occasional trim can help keep your hair healthy and strong.

Aim to get a trim every 6-8 weeks or whenever you notice split ends forming.

Use Protective Styling

Protective styling is a way of reducing the amount of strain put on your strands. It can help keep your hair healthy and reduce damaged ends.

Instead of using heat-styling tools daily, switch to air-drying or try a protective style like braids or twists.

These techniques will give you more time between washes and help keep your strands from getting damaged and breaking off.

Pro TipUse a heat protection spray or product when using heat-styling tools. A heat protectant will help create a barrier between your hair and the excessive temperatures that can cause damage. 

Keep Your Hair Hydrated

Dry strands are more prone to splitting and breakage, so keep your hair hydrated.

You can do this by using a deep conditioning mask once a week and leave-in conditioners and oils between washes.

Also, pay attention to the water temperature when shampooing – lukewarm water is best. Hot water will strip natural oils away, leaving your hair dry and brittle.

Seal Hair Ends with an Oil-based Product

Sealing your ends with a natural oil-based product like Argan or jojoba will help lock in the moisturization and protect your hair’s fragile tips from splitting.

Apply a small amount to your freshly washed hair, concentrating on the ends first. This technique will help lock in moisture and give you softer, healthier-looking strands.

Avoid Certain Hair Care Products

Products like hairspray, gel, and mousse contain alcohol that can dry and damage the hair shaft. Try avoiding these types of products or only using them on occasion.

If you use them, apply a leave-in conditioner to counteract the drying effect.

Seek Professional Help for Chemical Treatments

Chemical treatments like bleaching, colouring, and perming can cause damage to the hair shaft and lead to split ends.

If you’re considering undergoing any chemical treatment, it’s a good idea to seek professional help from a salon or beauty expert. They will be able to advise you on how to care for and maintain your hair after the process.

Avoid the Sun

The sun’s UV rays can be damaging to the outer cuticle of your hair, leading to breakage and damaged ends.

Wear a hat or scarf when you’re outdoors, and if possible, avoid going out in the sun during peak hours.

Also, use a leave-in conditioner with UV protection if you spend time in direct sunlight. This practice will help protect your hair from the elements and prevent damaged ends.

FAQs on Split Ends

Q: What causes split Ends?

A: A lack of moisture, protein and regular trims causes damaged ends. Chemical treatments like bleaching, colouring and perming can also lead to split ends.

Q: How do I get rid of Split Ends? 

A: You can’t repair damaged ends; the only way to get rid of them is to trim them. Aim for a trim every 6-8 weeks or whenever you notice split ends forming.

Q: How do I prevent split Ends? 

A: Use proper hair care products and techniques to prevent damaged ends. Use protective styling, keep your hair well hydrated, avoid certain hair care products and chemical treatments, and limit exposure to the sun.

Q: What are Split Ends?

A: Split ends occur when the protective outer layer of the hair shaft is damaged and breaks off. Split ends can lead to more breakage and damage if left untreated. Most commonly caused by a lack of moisture, protein and regular trims.

Bottom Line

Split ends can be a frustrating problem; unfortunately, they are an unavoidable part of having long hair, and there is no real way to repair them.

Trimming them off is the best way to get rid of damaged ends. To prevent split ends from occurring in the first place, use protective styling, keep your hair well hydrated, avoid certain hair care products and chemical treatments, and limit exposure to the sun.

You can keep your hair healthy and beautiful by understanding the causes and taking steps to prevent split ends. With the proper techniques and products, split ends will be a thing of the past!

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